Associations of body image perception, obesity status, physical activity and dietary habits among young adult females attending fitness centers in Riyadh
PI : Prof. Hazzaa M. Al-Hazzaa
Mezna A. AlMarzooqi, MPH, PhD
Nada M. Albawardi, MPH
Abeer Altamimi PhD
Project Summary :
The aim of the present project is to investigate the associations of body image perception, obesity, physical activity, sedentary behaviours and dietary habits among young adult females attending fitness centers in Riyadh. A stratified cluster random sample is going to be used to select 400 young adult females from all female fitness centers in Riyadh. Age, body weight, height, body mass index (BMI) and socioeconomic status will be assessed. A valid self-reported questionnaire will also be used to assess physical activity, sedentary behaviours, sleep duration and dietary habits. In addition, Stunkard Figure Rating Scale (FRS) with 9 silhouettes figures will be used for body image (shape) assessment, including perceived and desired body images. The findings of the current study have some implications upon the influence of lifestyle habits that have on body weight and body image perception. Indeed, accurate perception is critical for individuals engaging in weight loss and maintenance. Such findings are expected to contribute to our knowledge on the associations of young adult female’s weight status, body shape misperception, lifestyle behaviours and well-being. This is an important step when addressing and preventing women obesity in Saudi Arabia.
Lifestyle behaviors and dietary habits of Saudi adolescents living in Riyadh: Revisited after a ten-year period
PI: Prof. Hazzaa M. Al-Hazzaa
Co-PI: Nada M. Albawardi
In 2009, a group of Arab researchers, including those from Saudi Arabia, initiated the Arab Teens Lifestyle Study (ATLS). The main findings of ATLS data that was collected from Saudi Arabia indicated that Saudi adolescents 15-19 years old had high prevalence of overweight plus obesity, increased physical inactivity and sedentary behaviours, insufficient sleep and unhealthy dietary habits. The findings have also identified several lifestyle factors associated with obesity among Saudi adolescents. By next year, there will be a ten years span from the past ATLS data collected on adolescents living in Riyadh. Therefore, the present research project intends to revisit the lifestyle behaviours and dietary habits of Saudi adolescents living in Riyadh city and examine the trend of such lifestyle behaviours research design, methodologies and instruments that were used in 2009. Making comparison between the two cohorts provides indirect evidence on the changes in the Saudi adolescents’ lifestyle behaviours that have occurred over the course of 10 years.